General Information about BIO / EES 344 - Ecology
at Wilkes University

Basic Information

  • Normally offered fall of even-numbered years.
  • Four credits
  • Open to upperclass students, particularly those majoring in Biology and Earth & Environmental sciences
  • Satisfies the Populational/Diversity distribution area within the Biology major
  • Course meets each week for three one-hour lectures and one three hour lab
  • Prerequisites include BIO 121-122 (Principles of Modern Biology I & II), BIO 225 (Population and Evolution Biology), and BIO 226 (Cellular and Molecular Biology); or permission of the instructor.

Major topics include:

  • Physiological ecology
  • Population ecology
  • Community ecology
  • Ecosystem and landscape ecology
  • Biome ecology
  • Human ecology


By taking this course, students will:

  • Understand the general aims of ecology, its historical basis, and its relationship to other sciences and other human concerns.
  • Understand how the growth and distribution of organisms are affected by various physical and biological environmental factors, acting individually and in an interactive fashion.
  • Understand concepts of population biology, focusing on demographic techniques and mathematical models that can be used to predict population change over time.
  • Understand ecological patterns and processes at the community, ecosystem, landscape and biosphere levels.
  • Understand how the actions of humans have affected the ecological relationships of organisms in ecosystems subjected to various levels of disturbance.
  • Learn how ecologists study ecological phenomena, both in the laboratory and in the field.
  • Become better acquainted with the diversity of natural and human-influenced habitats and communities in Northeastern Pennsylvania.
  • Become acquainted with other sources of ecological information, including published as well as on-line formats.
  • Learn how to identify, download, and analyze on-line data to answer ecological questions.
  • Learn how to interpret tables and graphs containing data of ecological relevance.
  • Understand how ecological knowledge is used to identify and address human problems.
  • Learn about large-scale international initiatives including LTER and NEON.
  • Develop a more sophisticated understanding of career opportunities in ecology and how to pursue them.

Return to course webpage for BIO 344

This page posted and maintained by Kenneth M. Klemow, Ph.D., Biology Department, Wilkes University, Wilkes-Barre, PA 18766. (570) 408-4758,